Basic Data

Area : 527,968 sq km
Population : 27,392,779 (July 2016 est.)
Population Growth Rate : 2.37% (2016 est.)
Religion : The official religion is Islam.
Government System : Republic
Languages :

Arabic is the official language, English is widely spoken.

Weights and Measures :

Metric system, British imperial system, and local weights and measures.

Principal Main Cities :

Sana'a (Capital) ( 2,105,000), Aden (The Economic and Commercial Capital- Free Zone) (509,000), Hodeidah (1,917,000), Taiz (2,269,000), Mukalla.

Currency : The unit of currency is the Yemeni Riyal (YR), divided into 100 fils.
Climate : Mostly desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate in western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert in east
Working hours :

Most private sector business offices open in the mornings, close for lunch, and reopen in the early evening. The Yemeni government workweek is Saturday-Wednesday from 9:00 a.m.1:00 p.m., and the private sector workweek is Saturday-Wednesday from 8:00 a.m.-1:00 p.m. and 4:30 p.m.-7:30 p.m. and Thursday mornings from 8:00 a.m.-1:00 p.m. Bank hours vary from bank to bank. However, all banks are open Saturday-Thursday from 8:00 a.m.-1:00 p.m. and some offer evening hours.

During the month of Ramadan, government ministries are open for two to three hours a day from 10:30 AM to 1:30 PM. Most private companies work from 10:00 AM to 2:00 PM and from 9:00 PM to 12:00 AM.


Labor Day (May 1), Unification Day (May 22), Victory Day (July 7), September Revolution (Sept. 26), October Revolution (Oct. 14), Evacuation Day (Nov. 30), in addition to Muslim Holidays.

Direct Dial Country Code :

Country Code (967), Sana'a (1), Aden (2), Hodeidah (3), Taiz (4), Mukalla (05).

Principal Imports :

Textiles, Manufactured consumer goods, petroleum products, Sugar, Grain, Flour, Foodstuffs, Cement, Machinery, Chemicals, Medicaments & Veterinary Medicine, Fuel Oils, Gas Oils, Milk Powder, Fixed Vegetable Oils , Polymerization and Copolymerization, Poultry dead, fresh.

Principal Exports :

Crude Petroleum, Crude oil, Agricultural Commodities (coffee not roasted and roasted, cotton, hides vegetables, and frozen, Sheep & lamp skins, Fish, Lobster, Cuttle (Fresh, Chilled or Frozen), Fish waste, Industrial Commodities (washing powder & Flakes, Animal or Vegetable Oils, pastry biscuits, cakes & other fine bawares.

Time Differential : G.M.T +3 hours

Business Infrastructure
Yemen has adequate road and air transportation. Most businessmen and government officials speak English, but Arabic is the official language of the country. Telephone, fax and email communication exists. The ministry of communications has authorized teleyemen, an anglo-yemeni joint venture that operated the country's cellular phone network prior to its shutdown in 1994, to open Yemen's first internet node and they have started the new systems services.

Business Travel

Business Customs
Personal relationships are the key to improving business ties to Yemen. Although Yemeni law does not require an agent, businesses rarely succeed without a Yemeni working on their behalf (partnership).

Most offices open in the mornings, close for lunch, and reopen in the early evening.

Travel Advisory

Passport: REQUIRED.

All arriving non-Yemenis need visas which are obtainable at embassies and consulates in all countries all over world. If a visitor has an entry visa (necessary if he plans to stay more than 15 days); he will be required to register his passport at the immigration office in Sana'a, Taiz, Hodeidah or Aden and obtain an exit visa.

Letter of Guaranty:
Required for business travelers. The letters must be written by the traveler’s employer and must cite the reason for travel and indicate a reference in Yemen.

Visas will not be issued if the passport contains a valid or expired Israeli visa.