Basic Data


Area : 185,180 Sq Km.
Population : 17,185,170 (July 2016 est.)
Population Growth Rate : 1.56% (2016 est.)
Religion : Islam
Government System : Republic.
Languages :

Arabic (official), English and French for business.

Weights and Measures : Metric System
Principal Main Cities : Damascus (Capital), Aleppo, Lattakia, Hamah, Hassakah, Homs, Tartous.
Currency : Syrian Pound, divided into 100 piasters
Climate : Mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus
Working hours : Saturday through Thursday.
Holidays :

(Tishrin War) October 6, (Christmas) December 25, (New Year) January 1, (Revolution Day) March 8,  (Mothers' Day) March 21,  (Easter) April 12,  (Independence Day) April 17,  (Orthodox Easter) April 19,  (Labor Day) May 1, (Martyr Day) May 6.

Direct Dial Country Code : Country Code (963)Damascus (11), Aleppo (21), Lattakia (41), Hama (33), Hassakah (52), Homs (31), Tartous (43).
Principal Imports : Machinery and transport equipment, electric power machinery, food and livestock, metal and metal products, chemicals and chemical products, plastics, yarn, paper.
Principal Exports : Crude oil, minerals, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton fiber, textiles, clothing, meat and live animals, wheat
Time Differential : GMT + 2