Trade Policy

Export Regulations

  1. Regulation requirements for engaging in exporting
    Exportation in the Sudan needs registration of the exporter in importers/exporters registry.

  2. Custom tariff nomenclature, types of duties , duties rates , weighted averages of rates Sudan applies the harmonized system for classification of exports, as in the case of imports. Export rates are Ad-Valorem, the export duty is 10 per cent on cotton and gum Arabic, while on other products it is 5 per cent. All these rates are on FAS Value (Free Along Side Value). There is also a 1.2 per cent quay duty for Sudan sea Port Corporation and 1 per cent for the civil aviation

  3. Quantitative export restriction, including prohibitions, quotas and licensing systems In Sudan. there are no quantitative or quota export restrictions

  4. Export Licensing procedures
    No license is required for export except when there is no remittance, in which case an export license is issued by the Ministry of Foreign Trade and the Central Bank, and the sales contract needs to be stamped by the Ministry of Foreign Trade

  5. Other Measures
    Sudan has indicative export minimum prices which are based on the internal cost and world market prices. There are no voluntary export restrictions and no orderly market arrangements.

Import Regulations

  1. Quantitative import restrictions, including prohibitions, quotas and licensing systems Sudan does not apply any quantitative import restrictions. All goods can be imported to Sudan except those which are prohibited by Islamic values or security considerations. These goods are spirits and wines, narcotics, gambling equipment, arms and ammunitions

  2. Import licensing procedures Generally, imports do not need an import license.

  3. Other border measures
    Sudan does not apply any other border measures

  4. Custom valuation
    Sudan uses the Brussels Definition of Value (BDV).

  5. Other customs formalities
    Importers must present an import declaration, commercial invoice certificate of origin, quarantine license (where necessary), Sudanese Standards and Metrology Organization (SSMO) requirements or other documents for specific type of goods, and completion of bank formalities. Importers must pay the required duties, taxes and fees and receive an official release for the goods. Duties, taxes and fees are payable before releasing the goods except for direct delivery goods.

  6. Pre-shipment inspection
    Sudan has no mandatory Pre-shipment inspection . Importers are advised to have Pre-shipment inspection certificate issued by the international cargo inspectors registered by SSMO . Double check inspection might be conducted by SSMO . All consignments with no quality inspection certificate will be subjected to SSMO inspection at entry points

  7. Application of internal taxes on imports See (d) above.

  8. Rules of origin
    The Certificate of origin for imports is mainly required when there are tariff preferences . The certificate of origin for export commodities is issued by Sudan Chamber of Commerce and checked by the custom authorities, and it is governed generally by the preference agreement such as the rules of origin applied or agreed upon in the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa States, the Global System of Trade Preference (GSTP). And the Agreement of Trade Facilitation and Development among the Arab States. Up to now the Sudan has no separate rules of origin The certificate of origin must be issued by the competent authority in the country of origin

  9. Anti-dumping regime
    Sudan has no Anti-dumping law yet

  10. Countervailing duty regime
    Sudan has no Safeguard law, however, the Sudan is planning to formulate laws on safeguards and competition as well as anti-dumping

  11. The Tariff quotas, tariff exemptions
    Sudan has no Tariff quotas, tariff exemptions are available for investment projects governed by the Investment Law and for items within Article 54 of the Custom Law.

  12. Other duties and charges , specifying any charges services rendered
    An additional tax ranging between 5 per cent to 150 per cent is imposed into 122 items (HS 8-digit heading) . A rate of 10 per cent consumption tax is imposed on most of the imported goods on (C.I.F.+ Other Charges ) except certain products e.g. a 2 per cent rate is imposed on tea, coffee, milk power, dry dates, raw tobacco, packing materials for cigarettes industry and petroleum . Medicines (human and veterinary ) are exempted from consumption tax. There are other charges e.g. 2 per cent quay dues collected by the Sea Ports Corporation and 1.2 per cent civil aviation charges

Registration requirements for engaging in importing & Exporting

Importation and Exportation in the Sudan needs registration of the importer or exporter in the imports/exports registry at the Ministry of Foreign Trade according to the following:

1 - Registration in the Chamber of Commerce as an importer or exporter.

2 -An application form should be submitted to the Ministry of Foreign Trade for approval showing the following information:

  • The name and address of the applicant.

  • A valid trade license from the local council where the importer or exporter will practice his business and a certificate of incorporation if the importer or exporter is a company.

  • The amount of the capital used in export and import activities.

  • A certificate from a chartered accountant showing the amount of capital used in import and export activities in the last budget.

  • The taxation and Zakat clearance certificates Zakat according to article 10 of the 1998 Constitution is a financial duty on Muslims and the law regulates the manner of its collection expenditure and management. The application shall be finally approved by the consultative committee.

  • Payment of the fees required for import & export registration, which is nominal ranging between SD 5000 and SD 50000, and the registration is renewed annually.