Regulation requirements for
engaging in exporting
Exportation in the Sudan needs registration of the exporter in
nomenclature, types of duties , duties rates , weighted averages of
rates Sudan applies the harmonized system for classification of exports,
as in the case of imports. Export rates are Ad-Valorem, the export duty
is 10 per cent on cotton and gum Arabic, while on other products it is 5
per cent. All these rates are on FAS Value (Free Along Side Value).
There is also a 1.2 per cent quay duty for Sudan sea Port Corporation
and 1 per cent for the civil aviation
restriction, including prohibitions, quotas and licensing systems In
Sudan. there are no quantitative or quota export restrictions
No license is required for export except when there is no remittance, in
which case an export license is issued by the Ministry of Foreign Trade
and the Central Bank, and the sales contract needs to be stamped by the
Ministry of Foreign Trade
Sudan has indicative export minimum prices which are based on the
internal cost and world market prices. There are no voluntary export
restrictions and no orderly market arrangements.
restrictions, including prohibitions, quotas and licensing systems Sudan
does not apply any quantitative import restrictions. All goods can be
imported to Sudan except those which are prohibited by Islamic values or
security considerations. These goods are spirits and wines, narcotics,
gambling equipment, arms and ammunitions
Import licensing procedures
Generally, imports do not need an import license.
Other border measures
Sudan does not apply any other border measures
Sudan uses the Brussels Definition of Value (BDV).
Other customs formalities
Importers must present an import declaration, commercial invoice
certificate of origin, quarantine license (where necessary), Sudanese
Standards and Metrology Organization (SSMO) requirements or other
documents for specific type of goods, and completion of bank
formalities. Importers must pay the required duties, taxes and fees and
receive an official release for the goods. Duties, taxes and fees are
payable before releasing the goods except for direct delivery goods.
Sudan has no mandatory Pre-shipment inspection . Importers are advised
to have Pre-shipment inspection certificate issued by the international
cargo inspectors registered by SSMO . Double check inspection might be
conducted by SSMO . All consignments with no quality inspection
certificate will be subjected to SSMO inspection at entry points
Application of internal
taxes on imports See (d) above.
Rules of origin
The Certificate of origin for imports is mainly required when there are
tariff preferences . The certificate of origin for export commodities is
issued by Sudan Chamber of Commerce and checked by the custom
authorities, and it is governed generally by the preference agreement
such as the rules of origin applied or agreed upon in the Common Market
for Eastern and Southern Africa States, the Global System of Trade
Preference (GSTP). And the Agreement of Trade Facilitation and
Development among the Arab States. Up to now the Sudan has no separate
rules of origin The certificate of origin must be issued by the
competent authority in the country of origin
Sudan has no Anti-dumping law yet
Countervailing duty regime
Sudan has no Safeguard law, however, the Sudan is planning to formulate
laws on safeguards and competition as well as anti-dumping
The Tariff quotas, tariff
Sudan has no Tariff quotas, tariff exemptions are available for
investment projects governed by the Investment Law and for items within
Article 54 of the Custom Law.
Other duties and charges
, specifying any charges services rendered
An additional tax ranging between 5 per cent to 150 per cent is imposed
into 122 items (HS 8-digit heading) . A rate of 10 per cent consumption
tax is imposed on most of the imported goods on (C.I.F.+ Other Charges )
except certain products e.g. a 2 per cent rate is imposed on tea,
coffee, milk power, dry dates, raw tobacco, packing materials for
cigarettes industry and petroleum . Medicines (human and veterinary )
are exempted from consumption tax. There are other charges e.g. 2 per
cent quay dues collected by the Sea Ports Corporation and 1.2 per cent
civil aviation charges
Registration requirements for engaging in importing & Exporting
Importation and Exportation
in the Sudan needs registration of the importer or exporter in the
imports/exports registry at the Ministry of Foreign Trade according to the
1 - Registration in the
Chamber of Commerce as an importer or exporter.
2 -An application form
should be submitted to the Ministry of Foreign Trade for approval showing
the following information:
The name and address of
A valid trade license
from the local council where the importer or exporter will practice his
business and a certificate of incorporation if the importer or exporter
is a company.
The amount of the capital
used in export and import activities.
A certificate from a
chartered accountant showing the amount of capital used in import and
export activities in the last budget.
The taxation and Zakat
clearance certificates Zakat according to article 10 of the 1998
Constitution is a financial duty on Muslims and the law regulates the
manner of its collection expenditure and management. The application
shall be finally approved by the consultative committee.
Payment of the fees
required for import & export registration, which is nominal ranging
between SD 5000 and SD 50000, and the registration is renewed annually.