1,861,484 sq km
||36,729,501 (July 2016 est.)
|Population Growth Rate
1.69% (2016 est.)
The majority are Muslims. In south, the
majority are animist and around Christian.
The Republic of Sudan is divided into 26
states. Each state has a Governor (Wali), Legislative Council, and
Council of Ministers.
Arabic (official national language),
English (Commercial), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of
Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages are also used.
|Weight & measures
|Principal Main Cities
Khartoum (Capital), Khartoum North,
Omdurman, Atbara, Port Sudan.
The official currency is the Sudanese
Dinar. However, prices quoted locally are usually in Sudanese
Pounds. (1 S Dinar=10 S Pounds).
Hot and dry during summer where May is
the hottest month. Pleasant during winter with January being the
coldest month. Rainy season September to October always lead by sand
Government are open six days a week.
Friday is the official weekly holiday. Business hours are from 8:30
A.M. to 3:30 PM. Government hours are form 8:00 AM to 2:00 PM.
Banking hours are from 8:30 AM to 12:30 PM.
|Direct Dial Country Code
Country Code (249), Khartoum (183),
Omdurman (15), Atbara (21), Port Sudan (31)
1, March 3, April 6, July 1, December 25, and Islamic Holidays.
manufactured goods, refinery and transport equipment, medicines and
chemicals, textiles, wheat
Gold; oil and
petroleum products; cotton, sesame, livestock, groundnuts, gum
GMT + 2 hours
Travel requirements and visa regulations
Passport is required and
must be valid for at least six month from the date of entry. Visas
are required by visitors except those in transit and Egyptian.
Travelers are required to register with police headquarters within
three days of arrival to Sudan.
Entry visas are
required by almost all nationalities, and are valid usually for one
Evidence of a
previous visit to Israel will result in a visa refusal.
Permits are required
by visitors wishing to travel anywhere outside Khartoum, and can
take up to 2 days to obtain. Visitors arriving in any town or city
in the Sudan must register with the police on their arrival, and
show the necessary paperwork. For those wishing to visit
archaeological and/or historical sites, permits are again required.
These are often fairly expensive, and can be obtained from the
Department of Antiquities in Khartoum.
Information Office in Khartoum will issue visitors with a
photography permit. This is essential for anyone wishing to take
photographs anywhere in the country, and is issued together with a
list of items which may not be photographed.
Health and vaccinations
Recommended vaccinations are yellow fever, cholera, typhoid, tetanus
and meningitis. Malaria is rife, so preventative medication should
be taken before, during and after your trip. A mosquito net and
repellent cream are both essential, especially if you are traveling
south of Khartoum.
Postal, telephone and telegraph services are administered by the
government. In Khartoum, the post office is open from 8:30am to 1pm
and from 5:30 to 6:30pm every day except Friday. International mail,
both in and out, is often very slow. International telephone calls
are relatively easy to make from major cities from any of the
Though Sudan has numerous social customs
of its own and most Moslem customs are observed, the visitor will
find that there are no restrictions or duties other than those
imposed by normal courtesy. There are no restrictions on the import
or export foreign exchange.
duty is required for tourists' personal effects, such as clothing,
toiletries, etc., plus 200 cigarettes or 1/4 lb. of tobacco. Custom
duties will be levied on such items as cameras, typewriters,
computers, firearms, electrical appliances, etc., subject to refund
if exported within six months. A letter of guarantee signed by a
bank, business firm or a Sudanese citizen may be accepted in place
of a deposit on the above mentioned items.
Foreign Currency Regulations
Foreign visitors are permitted to bring with them any amount of
foreign currency, traveller's cheques or Letters of Credit, provided
that they declare these sums at the Customs Foreign Exchange at the
arrival terminals, this declaration is compulsory. The Customs
Declaration Certificate is valid for a period of three months,
subject to renewal. Any transaction involving foreign currency
outside the amounts declared is considered an illegal act. Other
transactions like the selling or buying of foreign currency within
the declared sums are done through dealing with the accredited bank
exchange bureaus found in most hotels, bank branches and the
airports. On departure, a foreign visitor may leave with the unspent
amounts, provided that the spent amounts have been dully registered
and deducted from the total sum indicated in the Customs Declaration