Basic Data

Area : 1,861,484 sq km
Population : 36,729,501 (July 2016 est.)
Population Growth Rate : 1.69% (2016 est.)
Religion : The majority are Muslims. In south, the majority are animist and around Christian.
Government System : The Republic of Sudan is divided into 26 states. Each state has a Governor (Wali), Legislative Council, and Council of Ministers.
Languages : Arabic (official national language), English (Commercial), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages are also used.
Weight & measures : Metric system
Principal Main Cities : Khartoum (Capital), Khartoum North, Omdurman, Atbara, Port Sudan.
Currency : The official currency is the Sudanese Dinar. However, prices quoted locally are usually in Sudanese Pounds. (1 S Dinar=10 S Pounds).
Climate : Hot and dry during summer where May is the hottest month. Pleasant during winter with January being the coldest month. Rainy season September to October always lead by sand storms.
Working hours : Government are open six days a week. Friday is the official weekly holiday. Business hours are from 8:30 A.M. to 3:30 PM. Government hours are form 8:00 AM to 2:00 PM. Banking hours are from 8:30 AM to 12:30 PM.
Direct Dial Country Code : Country Code (249), Khartoum (183), Omdurman (15), Atbara (21), Port Sudan (31)
Holidays : January 1, March 3, April 6, July 1, December 25, and Islamic Holidays.
Principal Imports : Foodstuffs, manufactured goods, refinery and transport equipment, medicines and chemicals, textiles, wheat
Principal Exports : Gold; oil and petroleum products; cotton, sesame, livestock, groundnuts, gum arabic, sugar
Time Differential : GMT + 2 hours

Travel requirements and visa regulations
Passport is required and must be valid for at least six month from the date of entry. Visas are required by visitors except those in transit and Egyptian. Travelers are required to register with police headquarters within three days of arrival to Sudan.

Entry visas are required by almost all nationalities, and are valid usually for one month.

Evidence of a previous visit to Israel will result in a visa refusal.

Permits are required by visitors wishing to travel anywhere outside Khartoum, and can take up to 2 days to obtain. Visitors arriving in any town or city in the Sudan must register with the police on their arrival, and show the necessary paperwork. For those wishing to visit archaeological and/or historical sites, permits are again required. These are often fairly expensive, and can be obtained from the Department of Antiquities in Khartoum.

The Tourist Information Office in Khartoum will issue visitors with a photography permit. This is essential for anyone wishing to take photographs anywhere in the country, and is issued together with a list of items which may not be photographed.

Health and vaccinations
Recommended vaccinations are yellow fever, cholera, typhoid, tetanus and meningitis. Malaria is rife, so preventative medication should be taken before, during and after your trip. A mosquito net and repellent cream are both essential, especially if you are traveling south of Khartoum.

Postal, telephone and telegraph services are administered by the government. In Khartoum, the post office is open from 8:30am to 1pm and from 5:30 to 6:30pm every day except Friday. International mail, both in and out, is often very slow. International telephone calls are relatively easy to make from major cities from any of the telecommunication stores.

Though Sudan has numerous social customs of its own and most Moslem customs are observed, the visitor will find that there are no restrictions or duties other than those imposed by normal courtesy. There are no restrictions on the import or export foreign exchange.

No duty is required for tourists' personal effects, such as clothing, toiletries, etc., plus 200 cigarettes or 1/4 lb. of tobacco. Custom duties will be levied on such items as cameras, typewriters, computers, firearms, electrical appliances, etc., subject to refund if exported within six months. A letter of guarantee signed by a bank, business firm or a Sudanese citizen may be accepted in place of a deposit on the above mentioned items.

Foreign Currency Regulations
Foreign visitors are permitted to bring with them any amount of foreign currency, traveller's cheques or Letters of Credit, provided that they declare these sums at the Customs Foreign Exchange at the arrival terminals, this declaration is compulsory. The Customs Declaration Certificate is valid for a period of three months, subject to renewal. Any transaction involving foreign currency outside the amounts declared is considered an illegal act. Other transactions like the selling or buying of foreign currency within the declared sums are done through dealing with the accredited bank exchange bureaus found in most hotels, bank branches and the airports. On departure, a foreign visitor may leave with the unspent amounts, provided that the spent amounts have been dully registered and deducted from the total sum indicated in the Customs Declaration Certificate.