Basic Data



309,500 Sq Km



3,355,262 (July 2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate


2.05% (2016 est.)



Oman is an Islamic country and the vast majority of the population is Muslim.

Government System





The official language of Oman is Arabic. English is the accepted language of business and is widely spoken in commercial and Government circles.

Weights and Measures


Metric system.



A.C.50 cycles, 220/380 volts.

Principal Cities


Muscat (Capital), Seeb, Sohar, Nizwa, Salalah, Sur , Buraymi



The unit is the Rial Omani (RO) divided into 1,000 Biazas.



Dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (May to September) in far south

Work Week


The Omani governmental workday is continuous from 7:30 A.M. to 2:30 P.M. Banks and some post offices have limited hours on Thursday mornings. Most major private firms are closed on Fridays.

Direct Dial Country Code


Country Code (968)



Islamic New Year (first Moharram), Prophet Mohammed's (PBUH) 12, Rabii 1, Lailet Al-Esraa-wal-Miirag (27th Rajab)Eid Al Fitr (1st Shawwal) National Day (18 -19 November) Eid Al Adha, (10th of Dhu l-hijjah)

Principal Imports


Machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, livestock, lubricants

Principal Exports


Petroleum, Fish, Textiles, Metal, and Re-Export



GMT + 4 hours

Business Travel

Business representatives who plan to visit Oman should be aware that entry into the country is strictly controlled.  Visitors can obtain a visa in advance from an Omani embassy or consulate abroad, or apply for a visa upon arrival at the airport.

The official language of Oman is Arabic.  English is widely spoken as the language of business; Swahili, Farsi, Urdu, Baluchi, Hindi, and various languages of south Asia are common.  Oman has three national Arabic dailies and two English papers published daily.  Radio Sultanate of Oman's FM English service broadcasts 15 hours daily in Muscat, Salalah, and Thumrait.  Except for government offices, most commercial building signs and road signs are in Arabic and English.  Certain business documents, such as company registration papers, must be in Arabic.

Oman has a well-developed infrastructure, and modern roads provide access to most of the country.  Omantel operates a modern and efficient telephone system.  Virtually all businesses have fax machines.  GSM phones are widely used; roaming arrangements already cover the GCC, the UK, and European countries.  International telephone access cards cannot be used in Oman, nor can collect calls be made or received.  International rates are very high—$1.30 per minute to Europe and the Western Hemisphere during peak hours.  CompuServe access remains available via a British Telephone/MCI connection.

Sanitary standards for food and water are generally quite good, particularly at the major hotels.  The Omani government inspects restaurants to maintain hygienic standards.