Basic Data


Area

:

1,030,700 sq km

Population

:

3,677,293 (July 2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate

:

2.2% (2016 est.)

Religion

:

Mauritania is an Islamic country.

Government System

:

Democratic Republic.

Languages

:

Arabic is the official language, but international business is conducted in French. Product literature must be in French. The other national languages--Pulaar, Soninké, and Wolof--are widely spoken in the south and center of the country.

Weights and Measures

:

Metric system.

Principal main Cities

:

Nouakchott (Capital), Nouadhibou, Kaedi, Zouerate, Rosso, Atar, Kiffa

Currency

:

The currency is Ouguiya (UM), divided into 5 khoums.

Climate

:

Desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty.

Working hours

:

The official holiday is Friday, businesses operate from Saturday to Thursday, except for banks, which operate from Sunday to Thursday. Business hours in Mauritania are generally 8:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M. Walk-in hours at banks are 8:00 A.M. to 1:00 P.M.

Direct Dial Country Code

:

Country Code (222)

Holidays

:

The year official holidays and other days on which Government offices and private establishments are closed are: Jan 1 (New Year's Day), *1st. Muharram (Muslim New Year), *Id el-Mawlud (Prophet’s Birthday), *Id el-Fitr, *Id El-Adha, May 1 Fête du Travail (Labor Day), May 25 Journée de l'Afrique (Africa Day), May 28 (Memorial Day), Jul 4 (Independence Day), Oct 8 (Columbus Day), Nov 12 (Veterans Day Observed), Nov 22 (Thanksgiving Day), Nov 28 (Fête Nationale Mauritanienne), Dec 25 (Christmas).
(*) Holidays are based on lunar calendar.

Principal Imports

:

Machinery and equipment, petroleum products, capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods.

Principal Exports

:

Iron ore, fish and fish products, gold, copper, petroleum.

Time

:

GMT Time.

Travel Advisory
Mauritania is a relatively safe environment. To enter Mauritania, record of a yellow fever vaccination must be noted on a WHO card. Malaria is prevalent in the south, and malaria prophylaxis (mefloquine) is recommended.

Visa Requirements
Visas are required for all citizens seeking to travel to Mauritania. Applications should be sent to the Mauritanian Embassy in their respective countries.

Temporary Entry of Materials and Personal Belongings
Personal effects, including professional equipment, that are carried by hand or in luggage may be temporarily imported into Mauritania free of duties and taxes under the Customs Convention on Temporary Importation of Professional Equipment. Goods imported for exhibitions may enter under an ATA carnet, which may be obtained from the International Chamber of Commerce.