Logistics


Air Transport

Beirut International Airport is the only airport capable of handling commercial airplanes.

Storage of goods in airport warehouses generally is limited to three months prior to customs clearance.

Sea Transport

The development of Lebanon's ports is an integral part of the government's drive to encourage foreign exporters to use Lebanon as a transit point for goods to the Middle East.  The port infrastructure in Lebanon is concentrated primarily at the Beirut Port and secondarily at the ports of Tripoli, Chekka, Jounieh, Saida and Tyre as well as the petroleum ports of IPC at Tripoli and Tapline in Zahrani.

The port of Beirut which is the main & largest port in Lebanon situated on the western side of the capital. Being an important port in marine trade and forming the midpoint of three continents: Europe, Asia and Africa that makes the Port a passage for ship fleets between East and West. During the mid 70's, the Port of Beirut was an important international trading station with the surrounding Arab countries and up until today it has preserved its commercial nature. Tripoli is the second-largest city in Lebanon, located north of Batroun and Cape Lithoprosopon. Tripoli is the capital of the North Governorate and a qada of the same name.

For temporary entry of heavy machinery and vehicles, importers can use customs-bonded warehouses insured by the Beirut port authority, although this can be a rather expensive proposition. Importers may also keep their products in privately-leased or -owned warehouses, against a one-year bank guarantee (refundable upon settlement of customs duties), plus an annual non-refundable warehousing fee.

Road Transport

The network in Lebanon includes about 6,360 kilometers of roads. It is organized around three main axes from the capital:

A- Beirut-Tripoli, South-North.

B- Beirut-Damascus, North-East.

C- Beirut-Tyre, North-South.

An inventory of the road network established by the Ministry of Transport in 1996 revealed significant deterioration of the roads. Many projects to develop the network have been started and are being monitored by various competent organizations such as the Council for Development and Reconstruction (CDR).

Warehousing Facilities

There are two types of permits for the entry of temporary goods. Customs grants a regular temporary entry permit to foreign products that will be manufactured or finished in Lebanon and then re-exported outside Lebanon or displayed in free zones. This permit is valid for six months and may be renewed for up to two years.

The Customs’ Director-General may grant a special temporary entry permit for a range of products intended for temporary use. However, the period of the permit is limited to three months. Goods subject to the special permit include:

  • Equipment and machinery used in public works, archeology, cinema and journalism.

  • Goods or samples to be displayed in trade fairs.

  • Goods intended for maintenance and repair or goods used for maintenance and repair.

  • Empty containers or packages to be filled in Lebanon and re-exported or full containers or packages to be emptied in Lebanon and then re-exported.