Basic Data



10,452   Square Kilometers



6,237,738 (July 2016 est.)

Population Growth Rate


0.85% (2016 est.)



Islam and Christianity

Government System


Democratic Republic



Arabic (official) French & English are widely spoken

Weights and measures


Metric system.

Principal main cities


Capital city of Beirut, Tripoli, Saida (Sidon), Zahleh and Sur (Tyre )



The unit of currency is the Lebanese Lira or Lebanese Pound (LBP ), divided into 100 Piasters. There are no exchange controls, and U.S. dollars circulate freely. The average exchange rate is 1,500 LBP/USD. Cash is the most common method of payment in Lebanon; however, payment by check or credit card is possible nearly everywhere.



Mild Mediterranean climate, wet winters, hot and humid summers. Temperatures range between 23 and 320 in August and 11 and 170 in January.

Working hours


The Government offices hours: 8:00 AM - 2:00 PM Monday through Thursday; 8:00 AM -11:00 PM on Friday; and 8:00 AM - 1:00 PM on Saturday. Bank counters: Monday through Friday: 8:30 AM - 12:30 PM (some bank counters remain open until 3:00 PM or 4:00 PM); Saturday 8:00 AM to 12:00 noon. Private office hours vary and some exceed the 40-hour workweek

Direct Dial Country Code


Lebanon country code: 961. City codes: Beirut (1), Saida (7), Tripoli (6). Cellular Phones code: (3)


Jan., 1st. (New Year's Day ),  Jan., 6 (Christmas Day - Armenian Orthodox), Hijri New Year, Achoura, Sept. 2nd (St. Maroun's Day), Prophet Mohammad's Birthday, (Good Friday - Western), (Easter - Western), (Good Friday - Eastern), (Easter - Eastern), May 1st., (Labor Day), May,6 (Martyrs' Day), May, 11 (Resistance and Liberation Day), May, 15 (Assumption Day),  Eid Al-Fitr, Nov., 22 (Independence Day), Eid Al-Adha, Dec., 25 (Christmas Day)

Principal imports


Petroleum products, cars, medicinal products, clothing, meat and live animals, consumer goods, paper, textile fabrics, tobacco, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals

Principal exports


Jewelry, base metals, chemicals, miscellaneous consumer goods, fruit and vegetables, tobacco, construction minerals, electric power machinery and switchgear, textile fibers, paper.

Time differential


GMT + 2 hours in the winter, and GMT + 3 hours in the summer

Requirements For Visas To Visit Lebanon

Foreigners wishing to visit Lebanon must obtain a visa at a Lebanese Embassy/Consulate in the country of residence. There exist four types of visas: Diplomatic and Official visas ( issued for holders of diplomatic, special, and service passports as well as staff of international organizations, official officers and their families), Entry visas ( issued for tourism, family and business visits to Lebanon), Students visas and Employment visas. The length of the visa is 1 to 6 months, the number of entries may either be single or multiple. The duration of the stay should not exceed the validity of the visa which starts on the day of issue.

Applicants must complete a visa application form obtained from a Lebanese Embassy/Consulate. The required documents are: a passport valid for at least 30 days beyond the expiry date of the visa, two application forms, two recent photographs (3*4 cm) and a photocopy of the passport pages containing the identity of bearer and the validity of the document. Visa applicants to attend conferences, seminars or meetings in Lebanon should provide information about the conference, its venue, as well as the phone and fax number of its organizers in Lebanon. All passengers arriving into Lebanon should comply with the international health regulations. Passengers arriving from countries suffering from plague, yellow fever or cholera should present a vaccination certificate. A police certificate is not required.

Citizens of certain countries can acquire visas at the airport. For more information, contact the Lebanese Embassy.

A Lebanese visa will not be issued on any passport or travel documents stamped with an Israeli visa or seal. Moreover, a Lebanese visa is rendered invalid if an Israeli visa or seal is stamped on the passport.

Temporary Entry of Materials and Personal Belongings

There are no restrictions on the temporary entry of laptops and software. Temporary entry of exhibit materials requires a Temporary Admission (ATA) carnet, which can be obtained from the Chamber of Commerce. Video and audio disks and tapes may be subject to search and seizure.