Logistics


Air Transport

Cairo is an important communication centre for world air routes. The enlarged airport at Heliopolis, with its modern terminal building, is used by major international airlines, as is Nuzhah airport at Alexandria

Cairo is an important communication centre for world air routes. The enlarged airport at Heliopolis, with its modern terminal building, is used by major international airlines, as is Nuzhah airport at Alexandria .

Sea Transport

The Nile River system (about 1,600 km. or 1,000 mi.) and the principal canals (1,600 km.) are important locally for transport. The Suez Canal is a major waterway of international commerce and navigation, linking the Mediterranean and Red Sea. Major ports are Alexandria, Port Said, and Damietta on the Mediterranean, and Suez and Safraga on the Red Sea.

Ports and harbors :

  • Mediterranean Sea ( Alexandria - Port Said - Damietta - Marsa Matruh)
  • Red Sea ( Suez )
  • Nile River ( Aswan - Asyut )
  • Lake Nasser ( Aswan - railhead - 1435mm - Wadi Halfa , Sudan - railhead - 1067mm )
  • Other ( Al Ghardaqah - Bur Safajah )

Merchant marine : total: 180 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,348,148 GRT/2,014,483 DWT

Road Transport

Transport facilities in Egypt are centered in Cairo and largely follow the pattern of settlement along the Nile. The main line of the nation's 4,800-kilometer (2,800-mi.) railway network runs from Alexandria to Aswan. The well-maintained road network has expanded rapidly to over 21,000 miles, covering the Nile Valley and Nile Delta, Mediterranean and Red Sea coasts, the Sinai, and the Western oases.

Although taxis have meters, the official rate is so low, the obligation to pay something realistic is clear.

The Cairo Metro is a light rail system, partly underground. It is now running from al-Marg in the north through the center of the city to Maadi and on to Helwan, cross the Nile to Giza and Imbaba. Future line will  connect Shubra al-Kheima in the north with Salah Salim in the east.

Regional:
Alexandria and Cairo are connected by both the Western Desert Highway, a high-speed toll road and the busier Delta Road. Buses take 3-1/2 hours, with a rest stop. A non-stop Turbino train takes just over 2 hours.

Warehousing Facilities

The Customs Authority supervises both public and private bonded warehouses. The Ministry of Finance authorizes establishment of the warehouses, specifying the site of the bonded area, conditions of storage, storage charges, administrative charges, expenditures, guarantees to be presented, and other conditions relating to warehousing under bond.

Warehouse companies are subject to an annual fee of 1% on the imported product's value, and production and assembly profits are subject to an annual fee of 1% on the exported product's value