Basic Data


Area : 1,001,450 Sq. KM
Population : 94,666,993 (July 2016 est.)
Population Growth Rate : 2.51% (2016 est.)
Religion : Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1%
Government System : republic
Languages : Arabic, English and French
Weight & measures : Metric system
Principal Main Cities :

Cairo, Alexandria, port Said, Dumyat, Al-Ismailiya, Assuways, Aswan, El-Aresh, Al-Bahr al Ahmar, Al- Zakazik, Al- Mansorah, Kafr ash shaykh, Tanta, Asyu’t .

Currency : Egyptian pound (EL) divided into 100 piasters
Climate : Desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters.
Working hours : 9 am to 4 or 5 PM approximately
Country code : Cairo 02, Alexandria 03
Holidays : January 1, June 18, July 23, October 6, October 24, and December 23.
Also Moslem religious holidays, which vary from year to year, and Coptic Christian holidays including Christmas (January 7), Palm Sunday, and Easter Sunday.
The normal commercial week in Egypt is Sunday through Thursday afternoon. Friday is the official weekly holiday.
Banking hours are 8 a.m. to 2 p.m. Sunday through Thursday. Other commercial establishments generally are open 8 a.m. to 4 p.m., Sunday through Thursday. Government offices are open Sunday through Thursday, 8 a.m. to 2 p.m.
Principal Imports : Machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, wood products, fuels.
Principal Exports : Crude oil and petroleum products, cotton, textiles, metal products, chemicals, processed food.
Time Differential : GMT + 2 hours

The Egyptian climate is influenced by the factors of location, topography, and general system for pressure and water surfaces. These aspects affect Egypt's climate dividing it into several regions. Egypt lies in the dry equatorial region except its northern areas located within the moderate warm region with a climate similar to that of the Mediterranean region. It is warm and dry in the summer and moderate with limited rainfall increasing at the coast in winter. The annual average day and nighttime temperatures in Lower and Upper Egypt is 20 and 25, and 7 and 17 respectively.