Tunisia has international airports in six cities: Tunis-Carthage; Monastic; Jerba-Zarzis; Tabarka; Sfax; and Tozeur-Nefta. A seventh international airport is currently under development to service the busy region between Tunis and the coastal tourist region around Sousse. The government airline, Tunis air, flies from Tunis to all major destinations in Europe and the Middle East, except Israel. Most major European and Middle Eastern airlines stop in Tunis. A $45.6 million extension to upgrade the Tunis-Carthage airport is currently underway. Total capacity will be expanded to handle 4.5 million passengers per year.
The government announced plans in early 1999 to upgrade Tunisia's container port capacity, starting with the Tunis/ rades terminal, which handles the vast majority of Tunisia's container traffic. Limited additional facilities are available at Sfax and Gabes.
Tunisia has an over 20,000-kilometer network of primary and secondary roads with one modern, 140 kilometer four-lane tollroad linking Tunis and the eastern coastal city of Souses. This highway will eventually be extended to the industrial city of Sfax and ultimately to the Libyan border. Another tollroad is planned between Tunis and the northern coastal city of Bizerte. All primary roads and most northern secondary roads are paved and generally well-maintained. The government of Tunisia is committed to improving the road system and has obtained funding for road projects from the World Bank and African development bank.
Rail transport is available for passengers and freight to most major Tunisian destinations. The Tunisian government hopes to upgrade its railroad network, with plans to overhaul the rolling stock, install inventory and traffic control systems, and consider eventually privatizing elements of the network itself. Funding for portions of this upgrade has been provided by the World Bank and the African Development Bank.
Goods are allowed limited duty free entry into Tunisia for transformation and re-export. Factories in this area are considered bonded warehouses and have their own assigned customs personnel. Goods may also be granted temporary entry for use in trade shows.